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Survival of akinetes (resting-state cells of cyanobacteria) in low earth orbit and simulated extraterrestrial conditions

Olsson-Francis, Karen; Towner, Martin C.; de La Torre, Rosa and Cockell, Charles S. (2009). Survival of akinetes (resting-state cells of cyanobacteria) in low earth orbit and simulated extraterrestrial conditions. Origins Of Life And Evolution Of The Biosphere, 39(6) pp. 565–579.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11084-009-9167-4
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Abstract

Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic organisms that have been considered for space applications, such as oxygen production in bioregenerative life support systems, and can be used as a model organism for understanding microbial survival in space. Akinetes are resting-state cells of cyanobacteria that are produced by certain genera of heterocystous cyanobacteria to survive extreme environmental conditions. Although they are similar in nature to endospores, there have been no investigations into the survival of akinetes in extraterrestrial environments. The aim of this work was to examine the survival of akinetes from Anabaena cylindrical in simulated extraterrestrial conditions and in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Akinetes were dried onto limestone rocks and sent into LEO for 10 days on the ESA Biopan VI. In ground-based experiments, the rocks were exposed to periods of desiccation, vacuum (0.7 x 10-3kPa), temperature extremes (-80 to 80°C), Mars conditions (-27°C, 0.8 kPa, CO2) and UV radiation (325-400 nm). A proportion of the akinete population was able to survive a period of 10 days in LEO and 28 days in Mars simulated conditions, when the rocks were not subjected to UV radiation. Furthermore, the akinetes were able to survive 28 days of exposure to desiccation and low temperature with high viability remaining. Yet long periods of vacuum and high temperature were lethal to the akinetes. This work shows that akinetes are extreme-tolerating states of cyanobacteria that have a practical use in space applications and yield new insight into the survival of microbial resting-state cells in space conditions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2009 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
ISSN: 0169-6149
Extra Information: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; akinetes; low earth orbit; Mars environment
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Physical Sciences
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Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
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Item ID: 22025
Depositing User: Karen Olsson
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2010 11:46
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2012 17:59
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/22025
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