The origins of the modern police.
History Today, 49(4),
Discusses the origins and issues of early policing in Continental Europe. Information on the constable of England in medieval times; meaning of the word police; establishment of the lieutenant general de police de Paris by Louis XIV; information on the book `On Crimes and Punishment,' by Cesare Baccaria; factors that influenced the development of police institutions; significance of policing across Europe; hostility between the police and the working class.
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