The origins of the modern police.
History Today, 49(4) pp. 8–14.
Discusses the origins and issues of early policing in Continental Europe. Information on the constable of England in medieval times; meaning of the word police; establishment of the lieutenant general de police de Paris by Louis XIV; information on the book `On Crimes and Punishment,' by Cesare Baccaria; factors that influenced the development of police institutions; significance of policing across Europe; hostility between the police and the working class.
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