Models of education for sustainable development and nonformal primary education in Bangladesh

Shohel, M. Mahruf C. and Howes, Andrew J. (2011). Models of education for sustainable development and nonformal primary education in Bangladesh. Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 5(1) pp. 129–139.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/097340821000500115

Abstract

The social purposes of education are located in the long term, and oriented towards the construction and maintenance of a sustainable future. This paper focuses on developing country contexts with relatively low formal school enrolment rates, where dropout and failure rates are alarming; many children leave school semi-literate, soon to relapse into illiteracy, with negative consequences for their participation as individuals in the creation of a sustainable world. Since the 1960s, nonformal basic education has offered alternative educational and training activities, with innovative learning methods aimed at the development of practical skills, including matters of health, sanitation, literacy, to be applied in real life situations. Drawing on a five-year empirical study of young people at the point of transition between the nonformal and formal sectors of schooling in Bangladesh, this paper analyses the nonformal education paradigm against a framework of models linking education and sustainable development. Conclusions suggest practical ways forward with which to increase practice for sustainability in the formal education system.

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