Cabral, Liliana; Domingue, John; Motta, Enrico; Payne, Terry and Hakimpour, Farshad
Approaches to semantic web services: An overview and comparisons.
In: The Semantic Web: Research and Applications (Bussler, Christoph; Davies, John; Fensel, Dieter and Studer, Rudi eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, pp. 225–239.
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The next Web generation promises to deliver Semantic Web Services (SWS); services that are self-described and amenable to automated discovery, composition and invocation. A prerequisite to this, however, is the emergence and evolution of the Semantic Web, which provides the infrastructure for the semantic interoperability of Web Services. Web Services will be augmented with rich formal descriptions of their capabilities, such that they can be utilized by applications or other services without human assistance or highly con-strained agreements on interfaces or protocols. Thus, Semantic Web Services have the potential to change the way knowledge and business services are consumed and provided on the Web. In this paper, we survey the state of the art of current enabling technologies for Semantic Web Services. In addition, we characterize the infrastructure of Semantic Web Services along three orthogonal dimensions: activities, architecture and service ontology. Further, we examine and contrast three current approaches to SWS according to the proposed dimensions.
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