Kern, Dagmar; Marshall, Paul; Hornecker, Eva; Rogers, Yvonne and Schmidt, Albrecht
Enhancing navigation information with tactile output embedded into the steering wheel.
In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Pervasive Computing, 11-14 May 2009, Nara, Japan, pp. 42–58.
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Navigation systems are in common use by drivers and typically present information using either audio or visual representations. However, there are many pressures on the driver's cognitive systems in a car and navigational systems can add to this complexity. In this paper, we present two studies which investigated how vibro-tactile representations of navigational information, might be presented to the driver via the steering wheel to ameliorate this problem. Our results show that adding tactile information to existing audio, or particularly visual representations, can improve both driving performance and experience.
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