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|DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:||http://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2009.12.002|
|Google Scholar:||Look up in Google Scholar|
Much Second Language Acquisition research focuses on young learners in the conventional classroom. Instructed adult learners, and in particular those who are learning at a distance, have attracted less attention. This group is substantial and growing: the Open University, the largest higher education language provider in the UK, alone recruits some 8000 language students a year. The present large-scale study was undertaken to explore the learner characteristics and learning experience of adult distance language learners at beginner level, the relationship of these factors with successful language learning, and the outcomes of face-to-face or online tuition.
A longitudinal, quantitative design was adopted, involving pre-course and post-course questionnaires, and incorporating data on student profiles and learning outcomes. The questionnaire covered biographical variables, self-assessed initial proficiency, enjoyment and perceived achievement. This article profiles the learners and identifies factors related to successful distance language learning. Success is shown to relate to enjoyment and a sense of achieving goals. A comparison of results following online and face-to-face tuition demonstrates for the first time at scale that different modes of tuition do not necessarily lead to different learning outcomes: online language learning can be as effective as face-to-face teaching.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright Holders:||2009 Elsevier Ltd|
|Keywords:||language learning; distance learning; online learning; learning outcomes; adult learners; learner characteristics|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Education and Language Studies > Languages
Education and Language Studies
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology (CREET)
Language & Literacies
|Depositing User:||Colin Smith|
|Date Deposited:||05 Feb 2010 16:23|
|Last Modified:||24 Feb 2016 00:30|
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