The Open UniversitySkip to content

Stage models of corporate 'greening': a critical evaluation

Schaefer, Anja and Harvey, Brian (1998). Stage models of corporate 'greening': a critical evaluation. Business Strategy and the Environment, 7(3) pp. 109–123.

Full text available as:
Full text not publicly available (Version of Record)
Due to publisher licensing restrictions, this file is not available for public download
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:;2-0
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Corporate ‘greening’, i.e. the process by which companies can become more environmentally responsible in their operations, has attracted considerable interest lately. Largely born out of hands-on consultancy experience, various models have been proposed which describe a series of ‘stages’ by which companies become progressively more environmentally conscious and reduce their impact on the natural environment. The present article critically analyses some of these ‘stage’ models of corporate ‘greening’ from both an empirical and a management theoretical point of view. The empirical analysis is based on four case studies of the ‘greening’ efforts of companies in the UK water and electricity industries. Environmental strategy and management in these companies is found to fit poorly into the stage models of corporate ‘greening’. The article concludes that more comprehensive and interpretative explanations of organizational ‘greening’ are needed, including contextual and process oriented analysis.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. and ERP Environment
ISSN: 1099-0836
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Business and Law (FBL) > Business
Faculty of Business and Law (FBL)
Item ID: 19339
Depositing User: Anja Schaefer
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2009 12:21
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 22:34
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU