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This chapter reviews different approaches to designing for sustainability (DfS), from single issue ‘green design’ (e.g. designing a pencil made from recycled plastic cups), through ‘eco-design’ which attempts to balance the environmental impacts of a product such as a low energy lamp across its 'cradle to grave' life cycle, to ‘sustainable design’ which considers social and economic as well as environmental issues in the design and manufacture of a product such as a radio intended for use in Africa, to ‘sustainable innovation’ (e.g. designing a zero emissions, zero waste community for thousands of people).
The chapter argues that all DfS levels are necessary, but to reach the 80–90 per cent reductions in energy and resource use and in emissions and waste necessary for ecological sustainability, this chapter has argued it is necessary to design at the sustainable innovations level and that designing individual greener products will not be enough.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Copyright Holders:||2010 The Open University|
|Extra Information:||Visit the repository entry for the whole book to find links to the other chapters by OU authors. Three of them have openly accessible versions of the full text availble.|
|Keywords:||design for sustainability; green design; eco-design; sustainable design; sustainable innovation|
|Academic Unit/Department:||Mathematics, Computing and Technology > Engineering & Innovation|
|Interdisciplinary Research Centre:||Innovation, Knowledge & Development research centre (IKD)|
|Depositing User:||Colin Smith|
|Date Deposited:||03 Dec 2009 10:33|
|Last Modified:||23 Oct 2012 14:39|
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