The Open UniversitySkip to content

Diffuse pollution swapping in arable agricultural systems

Stevens, Carly and Quinton, John (2009). Diffuse pollution swapping in arable agricultural systems. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 39(6) pp. 478–520.

Full text available as:
PDF (Not Set) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (300kB)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


Pollution swapping occurs when a mitigation option introduced to reduce one pollutant results in an increase in a different pollutant. Although the concept of pollution swapping is widely understood, it has received little attention in research and policy design. This study investigated diffuse pollution mitigation options applied in combinable crop systems. They are cover crops, residue management, no-tillage, riparian buffer zones, contour grass strips, and constructed wetlands. A wide range of water and atmospheric pollutants were considered, including nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon, and sulfur. It is clear from this investigation that there is no single mitigation option that will reduce all pollutants.

Item Type: Journal Item
Copyright Holders: 2009 Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1064-3389
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) > Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences
Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 19063
Depositing User: Users 9 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2009 14:42
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2018 06:33
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Download history for this item

These details should be considered as only a guide to the number of downloads performed manually. Algorithmic methods have been applied in an attempt to remove automated downloads from the displayed statistics but no guarantee can be made as to the accuracy of the figures.

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU