In: Jewkes, Yvonne and Bennett, Jamie eds.
Dictionary of Prisons and Punishment.
Cullompton: Willan, pp. 23–24.
Coined by Anthony Bottoms in 1977, the term 'bifurcation' refers to the differentiation between penalties for serious and minor offences. While prison sentences for serious criminals lengthen, the range of non-custodial penalties for minor offenders grows. This allows governments to control prison populations, while still being seen to protect society from serious and persistent offenders
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