de Waard, A.; Buckingham Shum, S.; Carusi, A.; Park, J.; Samwald, M. and Sándor, Á.
Hypotheses, evidence and relationships: The HypER approach for representing scientific knowledge claims.
In: Proceedings 8th International Semantic Web Conference, Workshop on Semantic Web Applications in Scientific Discourse. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Verlag: Berlin, 26 Oct 2009, Washington DC.
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Biological knowledge is increasingly represented as a collection of (entity-relationship-entity) triplets. These are queried, mined, appended to papers, and published. However, this representation ignores the argumentation contained within a paper and the relationships between hypotheses, claims and evidence put forth in the article. In this paper, we propose an alternate view of the research article as a network of 'hypotheses and evidence'. Our knowledge representation focuses on scientific discourse as a rhetorical activity, which leads to a different direction in the development of tools and processes for modeling this discourse. We propose to extract knowledge from the article to allow the construction of a system where a specific scientific claim is connected, through trails of meaningful relationships, to experimental evidence. We discuss some current efforts and future plans in this area.
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