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Volcanic air pollution and mortality in France 1783-1784

Grattan, John; Rabartin, Roland; Self, Stephen and Thordarson, Thorvaldur (2005). Volcanic air pollution and mortality in France 1783-1784. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 337(7) pp. 641–651.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crte.2005.01.013
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Abstract

The impact that volcanic eruptions may have upon environments far from the volcanic source is conventionally assumed to depend on climatic modification by emitted gases. However, recent research has suggested that the damage caused by the direct impact of volcanic gases, mainly H2SO4, may be profound. This paper highlights the severity of this mechanism by reference to human sickness and death in France and contiguous with the eruption of the Laki fissure in Iceland in 1783. This work demonstrates the gains which may be made by interdisciplinary teams of researchers and illustrates the valuable knowledge that remains to be revealed by further research in the French historical record.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2005 Académie des sciences Published by Elsevier SAS
ISSN: 1631-0713
Keywords: volcanism; Laki; atmospheric pollution; sulphur; mortality
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Environment, Earth and Ecosystems
Item ID: 18223
Depositing User: Colin Smith
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2009 09:05
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2014 16:38
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/18223
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