Controlled modification of Pt/Al2O3 for the preferential oxidation of CO in hydrogen: a comparative study of modifying element

Jain, Shailesh K.; Crabb, Eleanor M.; Smart, Lesley E.; Thompsett, David and Steele, Andrew M. (2009). Controlled modification of Pt/Al2O3 for the preferential oxidation of CO in hydrogen: a comparative study of modifying element. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 89(3-4) pp. 349–355.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2008.12.013

Abstract

The catalytic performance of a series of Pt/Al2O3 catalysts, modified with Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Sn. has been tested for the preferential oxidation of CO in hydrogen. The promoters were deposited onto the surface of a 5 wt.% monometallic Pt/Al2O3 Catalyst using a controlled surface approach, to give a nominal promoter:Pt surface atomic ratio of 1:2 (corresponding to typically 0.15-0.25 wt.% of the promoting metal). The aim of this approach was to selectively create the Pt-promoter oxide interfacial sites considered to be important for the non-competitive dual-site mechanism proposed for such promoted catalysts. In this mechanism the promoting oxide is believed to act as an active oxygen provider, providing oxygen for the oxidation of the CO on the Pt. The catalysts were characterised using TEM, EDX ICP-AES and CO chemisorption and results suggest that the promoter was successfully deposited on to the Pt surface. Even at the low loadings of promoter used, significant enhancement was observed in the catalytic performance of the PROX reaction in a simulated reformate mixture, for the Fe- and Co-promoted catalysts in particular (and to a lesser extent the Mn, Sn, Cu- and Ni-promoted catalysts), highlighting the successful preparation of the Pt-promoting metal oxide interfacial sites. The Mn-promoted catalyst, however showed no enhancement in the absence of water suggesting that the form of the promoting metal oxide may be particularly important for promotion of Pt for the PROX reaction.

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