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Discovery of extended radio emission in the young clusterWd1

Clark, J. S.; Fender, R. P.; Waters, L. B. F. M.; Dougherty, S. M.; Koornneef, J.; Steele, I. A. and van Blokland, A. (1998). Discovery of extended radio emission in the young clusterWd1. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 299(4) L43-L47.

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DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-8711.1998.02038.x
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Abstract

We present 10 ?m, ISO-SWS and Australia Telescope Compact Array observations of the region in the cluster Wd1 in Ara centred on the B[e] star Ara C. An ISOSWS spectrum reveals emission from highly ionised species in the vicinity of the star, suggesting a secondary source of excitation in the region.We find strong radio emission at both 3.5cm and 6.3cm, with a total spatial extent of over 20 arcsec. The emission is found to be concentrated in two discrete structures, separated by 14'. The westerly source is resolved, with a spectral index indicative of thermal emission. The easterly source is clearly extended and nonthermal (synchrotron) in nature. Positionally, the B[e] star is found to coincide with the more compact radio source, while the southerly lobe of the extended source is coincident with Ara A, an M2 I star. Observation of the region at 10?m reveals strong emission with an almost identical spatial distribution to the radio emission. Ara C is found to have an extreme radio luminosity in comparison to prior radio observations of hot stars such as O and B supergiants and Wolf-Rayet stars, given the estimated distance to the cluster. An origin in a detatched shell of material around the central star is therefore suggested; however given the spatial extent of the emission, such a shell must be relatively young (103yrs). The extended non thermal emission associated with the M star Ara A is unexpected; to the best of our knowledge this is a unique phenomenon. SAX (2-10keV) observations show no evidence of X-ray emission, which might be expected if a compact companion were present.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 1365-2966
Keywords: stars; emission-line; Be stars; Ara C Individuals
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Physical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 17772
Depositing User: Users 9108 not found.
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2009 11:33
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2013 08:47
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/17772
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