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Carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars: Osmium and Iridium abundances in the neutron-capture-enhanced subgiants CS 31062-050 and LP 625-44

Aoki, Wako; Bisterzo, Sara; Gallino, Roberto; Beers, Timothy C.; Norris, John E.; Ryan, Sean and Tsangarides, Stelios (2006). Carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars: Osmium and Iridium abundances in the neutron-capture-enhanced subgiants CS 31062-050 and LP 625-44. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 650(2) L127-L130.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/508878
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Abstract

We have investigated the abundances of heavy neutron-capture elements, including osmium ( Os) and iridium (Ir), in the two carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) subgiants CS 31062-050 and LP 625-44. CS 31062-050 is known to be a so-called CEMP-r/s star, which exhibits large excesses of s-process elements such as barium (Ba) and lead (Pb), as well as a significant enhancement of europium (Eu) that cannot be explained by conventional s-process production in asymptotic giant branch star models. Our analysis of the high-resolution spectrum for this object has determined, for the first time, the abundances of Ir and Os, elements in the third peak of the r-process nucleosynthesis. They also exhibit significant excesses relative to the predictions of standard s-process calculations. These two elements are not detected in a similar quality spectrum of LP 625-44; the derived upper limits on their abundances are lower than the abundances in CS 31062-050. We compare the observed abundance patterns of neutron-capture elements, including Os and Ir, in these two stars with recent model calculations of the s-process, and we discuss possible interpretations.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 1538-4357
Keywords: Nuclear reactions; Nucleosynthesis; Star abundances; AGB and post-AGB stars; CS 31062-050; LP 625-44; Population II stars;
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Physical Sciences
Item ID: 15972
Depositing User: Users 8955 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 May 2009 16:19
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2010 20:27
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/15972
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