Zhang, H. F.; Jin, L. L.; Zhang, L.; Harris, N.; Zhou, L.; Hu, S. H. and Zhang, B. R.
Geochemical and Pb-Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of granitoids from western Qinling belt: Constraints on basement nature and tectonic affinity.
Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences, 50(2),
Geochemical and Pb-Sr-Nd isotopic compositions of five Indosinlan granitoid intrusions from the western Qinling belt provide insights into basement nature and tectonic affinity. The results show that the western Qinling granitoids incline towards basic in their bulk chemical composition. The granitoids belong to high-K to shoshonitic series with K2O/Na2O=1.04-1.86 and are dominantly metaluminous with A/CNK=0.90-1.05 (most samples have A/CNK of < 11.0). They have similar trace elemental compositional patterns. In Sr-Nd isotopic compositions, they display some extent heterogeneity with I-si=0.70682-0.70845, epsilon(Nd)(t)=-4.85 to -9.17 and T-DM=1.26-1.66 Ga. They are characterized by high radiogenic Pb isotopic compositions. Their initial Pb isotopic ratios are Pb-206/Pb-204=17.996-18.468, Pb-207/Pb-204=15.565-15.677 and Pb-208/Pb-204=38.082-38.587. Geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions reveal that magma for the granitoids was derived from partial melting of high-K (Rb) basaltic rocks, which might be formed in 900-1400 Ma. It is suggested that a large amount of the Proterozoic high-K (Rb) basaltic rocks, which underlie the Phanerozoic sedimentary cover, constitute the crustal basement of the western Oinling belt. Pb-Sr-Nd isotopic compositional comparison between the eastern Qinling and the western Qinling Indosinian granitoids indicates that the crustal basement of the western Oinling is distinct from that of the eastern Oinling. The Baoji-Chengdu railway close to south-north orientation can be taken as an approximate boundary between both basements. The Pb-Nd isotopic compositional characteristics of the western Oinling granitoids suggest that the basement of the western Qinling belt has an affinity with the Yangtze block.
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