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Characteristics of cometary dust tracks in Stardust aerogel and laboratory calibrations

Burchell, M. J.; Fairey, S. A. J.; Wozniakiewicz, P.; Brownlee, D. E.; Horz, F.; Kearsley, A. T.; See, T. H.; Tsou, P.; Westphal, A.; Green, S. F.; Trigo-Rodriguez, J. M. and Dominguez, G. (2008). Characteristics of cometary dust tracks in Stardust aerogel and laboratory calibrations. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 43(1-2) pp. 23–40.

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Abstract

The cometary tray of the NASA Stardust spacecraft's aerogel collector was examined to
study the dust captured during the 2004 flyby of comet 81P/Wild 2. An optical scan of the entire
collector surface revealed 256 impact features in the aerogel (width >100 ?m). Twenty aerogel blocks
(out of a total of 132) were removed from the collector tray for a higher resolution optical scan and
186 tracks were observed (track length >50 ?m and width >8 ?m). The impact features were classified
into three types based on their morphology. Laboratory calibrations were conducted that reproduced
all three types. This work suggests that the cometary dust consisted of some cohesive, relatively
strong particles as well as particles with a more friable or low cohesion matrix containing smaller
strong grains. The calibrations also permitted a particle size distribution to be estimated for the
cometary dust. We estimate that approximately 1200 particles bigger than 1 ?m struck the aerogel.
The cumulative size distribution of the captured particles was obtained and compared with
observations made by active dust detectors during the encounter. At large sizes (>20 ?m) all measures
of the dust are compatible, but at micrometer scales and smaller discrepancies exist between the
various measurement systems that may reflect structure in the dust flux (streams, clusters etc.) along
with some possible instrument effects.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 1086-9379
Keywords: impact processes; cometary nucleus; cometary dust; stardust mission
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Physical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Centre for Earth, Planetary, Space and Astronomical Research (CEPSAR)
Item ID: 15427
Depositing User: Karen Guyler
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2009 10:43
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2011 10:46
URI: http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/15427
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