Oka, Tomoharu; Hasegawa, Tetsuo; White, Glenn; Sato, Fumio; Tsuboi, Masato and Miyazaki, Atsushi
Aperture synthesis imaging of a high-velocity compact cloud near the galactic center.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 60(3) pp. 429–434.
We observed CO J = 1-0 and HCN J = 1-0 line emission toward a high-velocity, compact molecular cloud, CO 0.02-0.02, near the center of our Galaxy, using the Nobeyama Millimeter Array (NMA). A CO velocity-integrated map with a resolution of 4 ''.3 x 2 ''.4 shows two oval clumps with sizes of 0.8 pc. These clumps are seperated by 1.2 pc, being located at the eastern and southwestern peripheries of the CO 0.02-0.02 cloud. The overall distribution of HCN emission coincides with that taken with the Nobeyama 45 m telescope. The HCN velocity-integrated map with a resolution of 6 ''.1 x 3 ''.4 shows two prominent peaks in the cloud center. Both NMA maps at V-LSR similar to 110 km s(-1) show an arc-shaped edge in the southeast, which may correspond to the edge of the "emission cavity" found in the CO J = 3-2 integrated-intesity map. We also noticed a faint radio continuum "arc" that encircles the bulk of the CO 0.02-0.02 cloud. These results support the notion that CO 0.02-0.02 has been accelerated, heated, and compressed in a series of supernova shocks that occurred within the last (3-5) x 10(4) yr. We suggest that a massive compact cluster with an age of 10-30 Myr is responsible for the formation of the CO 0.02-0.02 cloud.
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