Confrontation or complementarity?: Metaphor in language use and cognitive metaphor theory.
Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 5(1) pp. 107–135.
Theory and method for the study of metaphor in face-to-face conversation language use reveals a range of differences with conceptual metaphor theory. This article explores whether these differences reflect an essential incompatibility or can be turned into something more positive that can develop cognitive approaches to metaphor. begins by proposing complex dynamic systems theory as a helpful supra-theory for metaphor in language use and then proceeds to empirical data. Data from an applied linguistic project into the process of post-conflict reconciliation is used to illustrate the characteristics of metaphor in face-to-face conversation, and we then move to development of a methodology for metaphor-led discourse analysis. Identification of metaphor in discourse is the first step, followed by the extraction of patterns of metaphor use. Patterns are considered distributionally and then semantically. I introduce the notion of â€˜systematic metaphorâ€™ as a way of condensing discourse data of metaphor in use. Connections are made between metaphor in use at the individual and socio-cultural levels.
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