Roy, Tapash and Lloyd, Cathy E.
Development of audio methods of data collection in Bangladesh.
Diversity in Health and Social Care, 5(3) pp. 187–198.
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Background: Cultural and communication difficulties resulting from the lack of a common language or understanding, and high levels of non-literacy are significant problems for diabetes self-management and related research among South Asians with Type 2 diabetes. Previous research in the UK has encountered serious difficulties in implementing self-complete questionnaires among this group but has also demonstrated the usefulness of alternative data collection methods. This study attempted further development of previously tested audio methods of questionnaire administration and data collection in order to assess its usefulness among individuals with Type 2 diabetes living in Bangladesh.
Methods: A total of 50 individuals with Type 2 diabetes were recruited who spoke Sylheti and were attending the diabetes out-patient department of two different hospitals (one urban and one sub-urban) in Bangladesh. The audio questionnaires were tested out and each participant’s opinions with regard to the administration and completion of audio assisted methods were evaluated.
Results: Overall, the study participants did not report any difficulties in understanding and completing the audio-recorded questionnaires. However participants reported finding the self-efficacy questionnaire easier to understand and complete compared to the knowledge questionnaire.
Conclusions: This study has evaluated the potential and usefulness of administering self-complete audio questionnaires to populations where literacy levels are low, in order to establish levels of knowledge and self-efficacy for diabetes self-care. The use of audio methods of data collection was seen as a completely acceptable alternative approach.
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