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Expression and transcriptional regulation of ABC transporters and cytochromes P450 in hCMEC/D3 human cerebral microvascular endothelial cells

Dauchy, Sandrine; Miller, Florence; Couraud, Pierre-Olivier; Weaver, Richard, J.; Weksler, Babette; Romero, Ignacio A.; Scherrmann, Jean-Michel; De Waziers, Isabelle and Decleves, Xavier (2009). Expression and transcriptional regulation of ABC transporters and cytochromes P450 in hCMEC/D3 human cerebral microvascular endothelial cells. Biochemical Pharmacology, 77(5) pp. 897–909.

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We investigated the expression of genes encoding ABC transporters, cytochromes P450 (CYPs) and some transcription factors in the hCMEC/D3 immortalized human cerebral microvascular endothelial cell line, a promising <i>in vitro</i> model of the human BBB, and we compared these expressions to a non-brain endothelial cell line (HUVEC) and freshly human brain microvessels. qRT-PCR showed that the <i>MDR1, BCRP, MRP1, MRP3, MRP4</i> and <i>MRP5</i> genes were expressed and that the main CYP gene was <i>CYP2U1</i> in hCMEC/D3. The pattern of ABC and CYPs gene expression in hCMEC/D3 differed from HUVEC which did not express <i>MDR1,/i>. Moreover, expression of P-gp and BCRP was lower in hCMEC/D3 than in human brain microvessels but remain functional as shown by rhodamine 123 efflux assay. The gene encoding the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor that regulates the expression of some ABC and CYPs was highly expressed in hCMEC/D3 and HUVEC, while the pregnane-X-receptor (PXR) and the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) were barely detected. We investigated the function of the AhR-mediated regulatory pathway in hCMEC/D3 by treating them with the AhR agonist TCDD. The expressions of two AhR-target genes, <i>CYP1A1</i> and <i>CYP1B1</i>, were increased 26-fold and 28-fold. But the expressions of ABC transporter genes were not significantly altered. We have thus determined the pattern of expression of the genes encoding ABC transporters, CYPs and three transcription factors in hCMEC/D3 and shown that the AhR pathway might afford an original functional transport and metabolic pattern in cerebral endothelial cells that is different from other peripheral endothelial cells.

Item Type: Journal Article
Copyright Holders: 2008 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 1873-2968
Keywords: hCMEC/D3 cell line; ABC transporters; CYP; AhR; blood–brain barrier
Academic Unit/Department: Science > Life, Health and Chemical Sciences
Interdisciplinary Research Centre: Biomedical Research Network (BRN)
Item ID: 12630
Depositing User: Astrid Peterkin
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2008 08:10
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2016 17:31
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