The Open UniversitySkip to content

Effects of strain rate and temperature on the stress–strain response of solder alloys

Plumbridge, W. J. and Gagg, C. R. (1999). Effects of strain rate and temperature on the stress–strain response of solder alloys. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 10(5-6) pp. 461–468.

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Link:
Google Scholar: Look up in Google Scholar


To ensure reliable design of soldered interconnections as electronic devices become smaller, requires greater knowledge and understanding of the relevant mechanical behavior of solder alloys than are presently available. The present paper reports the findings of an investigation into the monotonic tensile properties of bulk samples of three solder alloys; a lead–tin eutectic and two lead-free solders (tin–3.5 copper and a tin–3.5 silver alloy). Temperatures between–10 and 75°C and strain rates between 10–1 and 10–3 s–1 have been studied. Both temperature and strain rate may have a substantial effect on strength, producing changes well in excess of 100%. Strength is reduced by lowering strain rate and increasing temperature, and Sn–37 Pb is usually most sensitive to the latter. Expressions for strain and strain rate hardening have been developed. The Sn–0.5 Cu alloy is usually the weakest and most ductile. Sn–37 Pb is strongest at room temperature but with increasing temperature and lower strain rates it becomes inferior to Sn–3.5 Ag. Ductility changes with temperature and strain rate for all three alloys are generally small with inconsistent trends. The role of such data in stress analysis and modeling is considered and the paramount importance of employing data for conditions appropriate to service, is emphasized.

Item Type: Journal Item
ISSN: 1573-482X
Academic Unit/School: Faculty of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)
Item ID: 12208
Depositing User: Colin Gagg
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2008 18:06
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 09:14
Share this page:


Altmetrics from Altmetric

Citations from Dimensions

Actions (login may be required)

Policies | Disclaimer

© The Open University   contact the OU