Distribution of germanium between phenocrysts and melt in peralkaline rhyolites from the Kenya Rift Valley

Macdonald, R.; Rogers, N. W and Tindle, A. G. (2007). Distribution of germanium between phenocrysts and melt in peralkaline rhyolites from the Kenya Rift Valley. Mineralogical Magazine, 71(6) pp. 703–713.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1180/minmag.2007.071.6.703

Abstract

Germanium abundances, determined by laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, are presented for phenocrysts and glass matrices from a metaluminous trachyte and four peralkaline rhyolites from the Greater Olkaria Volcanic Complex, Kenya Rift Valley, Africa. Abundances (in ppm) are: sanidine 0.45-0.61; fayalite 4.8-11.7; hedenbergite 5.1-9.0; titanomagnetite 2.7; ilmenite 0.48; amphibole 8.3-8.9; biotite 7.0; chevkinite-(Ce) 309; trachyte glass 3.0; rhyolitic glasses 2.3-3.9. These values are generally greater than those recorded for silicic rocks in the literature, whilst the chevkinite-(Ce) value is the largest yet found in a magmatic mineral. Apparent partition coefficients range from 0.15-0.26 in sanidine to 124 in chevkinite-(Ce). Those for fayalite and hedenbergite increase with whole-rock peralkalinity and Fe content. The possibility of a role for accessory phases in influencing Ge distribution in rock-forming minerals is also raised.

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