Reilly, Cate; Dooley, Laurence S. and Aswathanarayaniah, Srinivas
International Best Practise University Technology Transfer Models: A Framework for Small-to-Medium Enterprises in Regional Australia.
In: Information Technology in Regional Areas Conference (ITiRA’03), 15-17 December 2003, Caloundra, Queensland.
In both Australia, and overseas, Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are increasingly performing a central role in technology transfer. One way to make it possible for SMEs to improve their competitive advantage and compete with world markets, is to have access and connection to institutions (such as universities) and networks that transfer knowledge and applications of technological innovation. Most SMEs are usually too small to do any significant research and therefore rely on these mechanisms if they are available.
This paper results from a comparative study on a number of international Technology Transfer (also referred to as Technology Diffusion) models involving Institutions and small to medium enterprises (SMEs). Institutions supply (or transfer) the technological “know-how” and capabilities to the SME, which either directly or indirectly, demand technology transfer.
The models of technology transfer differ in terms of strategies ,activities and objectives. Aspects that influence these models are availability of existing infrastructure, inherent expertise, linkages with appropriate research institutions and cultural and social issues. However, the underlying aim is the same; sustainable mechanisms that transfer technological knowledge and capabilities to SMEs in order for them to apply, further develop and manage technology.
Best practice technology transfer strategies applied by universities identified in this study will be applied to the design of a Technology Diffusion Gateway Network - a project which is currently in the pilot phase in Gippsland, Victoria. The second phase involves creating linkages with other regionally-based institutions to develop an integrated network of technology diffusion nodes in regional Australia, through which expertise, knowledge and innovation transfer can be facilitated.
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