A discussion paper on IP rights in public research in Agriculture: management issues.
International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
This discussion paper is intended to raise the most pertinent issues in intellectual property (IP) in Agriculture with specific reference to public research in developing countries particularly under the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (CGIAR or CG) system. It is by no means exhaustive and is aimed at generating debate on the highlighted issues. This paper is divided into two main parts; the first deals with IP in the CG system while the second outlines strategies for management and implementation of IP at institutional, national and regional levels.
Part I begins with a brief overview of the IP international regime specific to agriculture. An analysis of IP policy in the CGIAR system follows with a discussion on the implication of IP on commercialisation of public research products; issues incident to income generation are also raised. Part II considers regional initiatives in harmonising seed policies and regulations in Africa and the effect of Plant Variety Protection (PVP) on regional seed trade. The section also includes strategies for IP management in public research organisations and considers options for PVP administration. Part III provides a summary of discussion issues and makes suggestions on the way forward.
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