Ison, R. L.
(2008). Systems thinking and practice for action research.
In: Reason, Peter W. and Bradbury, Hilary eds.
The Sage Handbook of Action Research Participative Inquiry and Practice (2nd edition).
London, UK: Sage Publications, pp. 139–158.
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This chapter offers some grounding in systems thinking and practice for doing action research. There are different traditions within systems thinking and practice which, if appreciated, can become part of the repertoire for practice by action researchers. After exploring some of these lineages the differences between systemic and systematic thinking and practice are elucidated – these are the two adjectives that come from the word 'system', but they describe quite different understandings and practices. These differences are associated with epistemological awareness and distinguishing systemic action research from action research. Finally, some advantages for action research practice from engaging with systems thinking and practice are discussed.
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