(2001). From independent learning to collaborative learning: new communities of practice in open, distance and distributed learning.
In: Lea, Mary and Nicoll, Kathy eds.
Distributed learning: social and cultural approaches to practice.
London, UK: Routledge.
This article distinguishes two levels of communities of practice: the learning community, i. e. the teachers or tutors and their students working together, and the academic community, i. e. university staff, for example, sharing their reflected accounts of practice in journals or at conferences etc.
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